Benzoxazinoids-cyclic hydroxamic acids, lactams and their corresponding glucosides in the genus Aphelandra (Acanthaceae)

Phytochemistry. 2000 Jan;53(2):213-22. doi: 10.1016/s0031-9422(99)00508-7.


An improved method of sample preparation and simultaneous HPLC separation was developed that allowed the separation of 2,4-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoxazine-3(4H)-one (DIBOA), 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazine-3(4H)-one (DIMBOA), 2-hydroxy-1,4-benzoxazine-3(2H)-one (HBOA), 2-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazine-3(2H)-one (HMBOA) and their corresponding glucosides as well as the benzoxazolinones BOA and MBOA. The amount and distribution of these compounds was determined in the roots of Aphelandra squarrosa and A. fuscopunctata plants. There is a significant difference in the amount and distribution of this substance class in the two species analyzed. The results are discussed in relation to their function as defence compounds and allelochemicals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Benzoxazines
  • Benzoxazoles / chemistry*
  • Benzoxazoles / isolation & purification
  • Glucosides / chemistry*
  • Glucosides / isolation & purification
  • Hydroxamic Acids / chemistry*
  • Hydroxamic Acids / isolation & purification
  • Lactams / chemistry*
  • Lactams / isolation & purification
  • Molecular Structure
  • Oxazines / chemistry*
  • Oxazines / isolation & purification
  • Plant Development
  • Plants / chemistry*


  • Benzoxazines
  • Benzoxazoles
  • Glucosides
  • Hydroxamic Acids
  • Lactams
  • Oxazines
  • 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one