We report the variation of all 1,4-benzoxazin-3-one derivatives content detectable in maize with plant age in roots and aerial parts. Our results show that the concentration of hydroxamic acids, 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one glucoside (DIMBOA-Glc) and its 8-methoxylated analogue (DIM2BOA-Glc) is high after seed germination and then decreases with plant age. Nevertheless, these compounds continue to be biosynthesised during 6-10 days after germination. Variation in concentration of N-O-methylated DIMBOA-Glc (HDMBOA-Glc) is similar to the one of hydroxamic acids in aerial parts. On the contrary, in roots, its concentration remains relatively stable with plant age. After 10 days, HDMBOA-Glc becomes the main compound in roots. This compound is also present in higher concentration than hydroxamic acids in the oldest leaf of 20-day-old maize. The presence of four other DIMBOA related compounds in maize plants depends on variety, age and tissue. The role of these compounds in plant resistance to aphids is discussed.