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. 2000 Mar;243(3):265-81.
doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(200003)243:3<265::AID-JMOR4>3.0.CO;2-I.

Ovarian Germinal Epithelium and Folliculogenesis in the Common Snook, Centropomus Undecimalis (Teleostei: Centropomidae)

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Ovarian Germinal Epithelium and Folliculogenesis in the Common Snook, Centropomus Undecimalis (Teleostei: Centropomidae)

H Grier. J Morphol. .

Abstract

The ovarian germinal epithelium in the common snook, Centropomus undecimalis, is described. It consists of epithelial and prefollicle cells that surround germ cells, either oogonia or oocytes, respectively. The germinal epithelium borders a body cavity, the ovarian lumen, and is supported by a basement membrane that also separates the epithelial compartment of the ovarian lamellae from the stromal compartment. During folliculogenesis, the epithelial cells, whose cytoplasmic processes encompass meiotic oocytes, transform into prefollicle cells, which become follicle cells at the completion of folliculogenesis. The follicle is a derivative of the germinal epithelium and is composed of the oocyte and surrounding follicle cells. It is separated from the encompassing theca by a basement membrane. The cells that form the theca interna are derived from prethecal cells within the extravascular space of the ovarian stroma. The theca externa differentiates from undifferentiated cells within the stromal compartment of the ovary, from within the extravascular space. The theca interna and the theca externa are not considered to be part of the follicle and are derived from a different ovarian compartment than the follicle. Meiosis commences while oocytes are still within the germinal epithelium and proceeds as far as arrested diplotene of the first meiotic prophase. The primary growth phase of oocyte development also begins while oocytes are still within the germinal epithelium or attached to it in a cell nest. The definitions used herein are consistent between sexes and with the mammalian literature.

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