Chemokines and their receptors in neurobiology: perspectives in physiology and homeostasis

J Neuroimmunol. 2000 Apr 3;104(1):92-7. doi: 10.1016/s0165-5728(99)00266-0.

Abstract

Chemokines are a large family of small secreted proteins (8-14 kDa) associated with the trafficking of leukocytes in physiological immunosurveillance as well as inflammatory cell recruitment in different disease processes. A limited repertoire of chemokines and their specific cognate receptors are detectable in cells of the CNS such as microglia, astrocytes and neurons under physiological conditions. Coupled with distinct patterns of ligand and receptor expression in various pathologies including multiple sclerosis, trauma, neuro-AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, stroke, neuro- and glioblastomas, such phenomena have fueled the strong belief that chemokines must fulfill significant and potentially diverse functional roles in the CNS.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System / metabolism
  • Chemokine CX3CL1
  • Chemokines / metabolism*
  • Chemokines, CX3C*
  • Chemokines, CXC / metabolism
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Nervous System / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Chemokine / metabolism*

Substances

  • CX3CL1 protein, human
  • Chemokine CX3CL1
  • Chemokines
  • Chemokines, CX3C
  • Chemokines, CXC
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Chemokine