Nonimmune hydrops fetalis

Neonatal Netw. 1999 Sep;18(6):25-30. doi: 10.1891/0730-0832.18.6.25.


Hydrops fetalis is a relatively rare phenomenon that presents itself in the delivery room in an extremely acute manner. Prompt resuscitation, an understanding of the condition and its presentation, and immediate treatment can make the difference between life and death in these cases. The focus of this article is on nonimmune hydrops, the type of hydrops seen in the clinical setting. Maternal and fetal pathophysiology, current theories, diagnostic evaluations, neonatal pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, treatment options, pertinent research, and the needs of the family are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Delivery, Obstetric / methods
  • Delivery, Obstetric / nursing
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Hydrops Fetalis / diagnosis
  • Hydrops Fetalis / etiology
  • Hydrops Fetalis / nursing*
  • Hydrops Fetalis / physiopathology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neonatal Nursing / methods*
  • Parents / education
  • Parents / psychology
  • Resuscitation / methods
  • Resuscitation / nursing