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, 92 (2), 493-9

Intrathecally Administered cGMP-dependent Protein Kinase Ialpha Inhibitor Significantly Reduced the Threshold for Isoflurane Anesthesia: Implication for a Novel Role of cGMP-dependent Protein Kinase Ialpha

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Intrathecally Administered cGMP-dependent Protein Kinase Ialpha Inhibitor Significantly Reduced the Threshold for Isoflurane Anesthesia: Implication for a Novel Role of cGMP-dependent Protein Kinase Ialpha

Y X Tao et al. Anesthesiology.

Abstract

Background: Inhalational anesthetics have been shown to inhibit the nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. Previous studies indicated that inhibition of the NO-cGMP pathway decreased the level of consciousness and augmented anesthesia, analgesia, or sedation. The current study investigated the possible involvement of cGMP-dependent protein kinases (PKGs) as major effectors for the NO-cGMP pathway in the anesthetic state.

Methods: After initial baseline determination of the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC), a selective cGMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha inhibitor, Rp-8-p-CPT-cGMPS, or an NO donor, (NOC-12), were injected intrathecally. Ten minutes later, MAC measurement was repeated. The rats also were evaluated for the presence of locomotor dysfunction by intrathecal administration of Rp-8-p-CPT-cGMPS and NOC-12 in conscious rats.

Results: Rp-8-p-CPT-cGMPS at 25, 50, 100, and 200 microg/10 microl produced a significant decrease from isoflurane control MAC of -4+/-3.1%, 16+/-4.5%, 30+/-5.0%, and 21+/-2.2%, respectively, which was not accompanied by significant changes in either blood pressure or heart rate. In contrast, NOC-12 at 100 microg/10 microl caused an increase from isoflurane control MAC of 23+/-5.8%, which was accompanied by significant decrease in blood pressure but not in heart rate. Rp-8-p-CPT-cGMPS (100 microg/10 microl) produced a significant reversal of isoflurane MAC increase induced by NOC-12 (100 microg/10 microl), which was accompanied by significant reversal of the reduction of blood pressure induced by NOC-12. Locomotor activity was not changed.

Conclusions: The results indicate that cGMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha inhibitor not only markedly reduces MAC for isoflurane, but also completely blocks the NO-induced increase in isoflurane MAC, which suggests that cGMP-dependent protein kinase Ialpha may mediate the action for the NO-cGMP pathway in anesthetic mechanisms at the spinal cord level.

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