Background: A high prevalence of an A-to-G mutation at nucleotide 3243 of the mitochondrial genome in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or deafness has been reported previously. We investigated the prevalence of this mutation in Japanese dialysis patients with associated DM and/or deafness.
Methods: We studied 106 dialysis patients with DM, 26 with DM and deafness, and 26 with deafness alone, using peripheral leucocytes to detect an A-to-G transition at nucleotide 3243 of the mitochondrial gene.
Results: We identified this transition in 1 of 26 patients with DM and deafness. None of the 106 DM or 26 dialysis patients with deafness but no DM was positive for this mutation. A 42-year-old male patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) who carried this mutation had a 20-year history of sensory hearing loss as well as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Conclusion: We found that a mitochondrial gene mutation at nucleotide 3243 was present in one dialysis patient with NIDDM and deafness. The prevalence of this mutation was found to be below 1% in diabetic end-stage renal disease patients in Japan.