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, 269 (1), 64-9

Characterization of Mutations Induced by Ethyl Methanesulfonate, UV, and Trimethylpsoralen in the Nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans

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Characterization of Mutations Induced by Ethyl Methanesulfonate, UV, and Trimethylpsoralen in the Nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans

K Gengyo-Ando et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.

Abstract

The genome project of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is completed. It is important and useful to disrupt nematode genes to know their function. We treated wild-type animals with potential candidates for mutagens for reverse genetics, EMS (ethyl methanesulfonate), short-wavelength UV, and long-wavelength UV in the presence of TMP (trimethylpsoralen). We estimated forward mutation rates by counting the occurrence of a marker unc-22 mutation. We found that the forward mutation rate by TMP/UV could be comparable with EMS by improving the frequency one order higher than before. We next isolated mutants of another marker gene ben-1 and examined the probability for the deletion mutations by PCR and sequencing. Deletion mutations were found only by TMP/UV method, which suggested TMP/UV is the choice for deletion mutagenesis among these methods. As a pilot experiment, we could isolate actual deletion mutations at a much higher frequency than previously.

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