Obesity and its comorbid conditions

Clin Cornerstone. 1999;2(3):17-31. doi: 10.1016/s1098-3597(99)90002-9.


Obese patients are at an increased risk for developing many medical problems, including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, stroke, sleep apnea, gallbladder disease, hyperuricemia and gout, and osteoarthritis. Certain cancers are also associated with obesity, including colorectal and prostate cancer in men and endometrial, breast, and gallbladder cancer in women (1-6). Excess body weight is also associated with substantial increases in mortality from all causes, in particular, cardiovascular disease. More than 5% of the national health expenditure in the United States is directed at medical costs associated with obesity (7). In addition, certain psychologic problems, including binge-eating disorder and depression, are more common among obese persons than they are in the general population (8.9). Finally, obese individuals may suffer from social stigmatization and discrimination, and severely obese people may experience greater risk of impaired psychosocial and physical functioning, causing a negative impact on their quality of life (10).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Comorbidity / trends
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Digestive System Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • Survival Rate
  • United States / epidemiology