An assessment of indoor air contaminants in buildings with recreational activity

Sci Total Environ. 2000 Feb 10;246(2-3):139-52. doi: 10.1016/s0048-9697(99)00452-0.


Indoor air quality measurements were carried out during three concerts and one ice hockey game in three different halls. Gas phase components consisted of CO2, CO, and NO whereas for particulate indicators, measurements of particle mass distributions (0.05-9 microm), particle number distributions (0.75-10 microm), and particle bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pPAH) were carried out. The calculated ventilation rates did not meet the ventilation requirements for rooms with occupants who smoke to be perceived as acceptable by 80% of the occupants. Average PM9 (mass of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter < 9 microm) concentrations throughout the events ranged from 318 to 2000 microg m(-3). Particle concentrations in the size range < 0.4 microm measured 203-696 microg m(-3), the majority of it being attributed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). For particle numbers > 0.75 microm concentrations ranged from 2 x 10(4) to 1.9 x 10(5) particles per l while for pPAH, concentrations from 336 to 990 ng m(-3) were observed. The average event concentrations for the gaseous component CO2 ranged from 1110 to 1700 ppm, for CO 2-3.1 ppm and for NOx 237 ppb. The event to baseline concentration ratios for gaseous components ranged from 1.1 to 4.3 while for particulate indicators generally much greater ratios between 0.7 and 140 were found. Possible health effects inflicted by an exposure based on the measured concentrations of the various parameters are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants / analysis*
  • Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis*
  • Carbon Dioxide / analysis
  • Carbon Monoxide / analysis
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Hockey
  • Humans
  • Music
  • Nitric Oxide / analysis
  • Recreation*
  • Switzerland
  • Ventilation / standards
  • p-Aminohippuric Acid / analysis


  • Air Pollutants
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • p-Aminohippuric Acid