Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) down-regulates expression and function of proliferation-inducing molecules in HPV-transformed cells

Anticancer Res. Nov-Dec 1999;19(6B):4977-82.


The epidemiologic association of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with dysplasia and cervical cancer is well established. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is a growth inhibitory protein for epithelial cells. To examine the phenotype of HPV-transformed cells, we examined expression of TGF beta 1 and a number of cellular proliferation-enhancing molecules which are known to be regulated by TGF beta 1, including bcl-2, c-jun and NFkB. Previous studies had identified significant induction of TGF beta 1 and concomitant down-regulation of other growth stimulatory molecules in experimental papillomas. We used HPV-16 and -18 transformed cell lines. The HPV-16 transformed cells showed down-regulation of bcl-2 and NFkB as well as NFkB function upon TGF beta 1 treatment. The results suggest that TGF beta 1 may exert antiproliferative effects on some HPV-transformed cells by down-regulating expression and function of different proliferation-enhancing molecules. It is uncertain if this function is virus type specific and/or related to state of tumor cell progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Division / physiology*
  • Cell Transformation, Viral
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Primers
  • Down-Regulation / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Papillomaviridae / physiology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / physiology*
  • Up-Regulation / physiology


  • DNA Primers
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta