Expression and genome organization of resistance gene analogs in soybean

Genome. 2000 Feb;43(1):86-93. doi: 10.1139/g99-107.


Sequence analysis of cloned plant disease-resistance genes reveals a number of conserved domains. Researchers have used these domains to amplify analogous sequences, resistance gene analogs (RGAs), from soybean and other crops. Many of these RGAs map in close proximity to known resistance genes. While this technique is useful in identifying potential disease resistance loci, identifying the functional resistance gene from a cluster of homologs requires sequence information from outside of these conserved domains. To study RGA expression and to determine the extent of their similarity to other plant resistance genes, two soybean cDNA libraries (root and epicotyl) were screened by hybridization with RGA class-specific probes. cDNAs hybridizing to RGA probes were detected in each library. Two types of cDNAs were identified. One type was full-length and contained several disease-resistance gene (R-gene) signatures. The other type contained several deletions within these signatures. Sequence analyses of the cDNA clones placed them in the Toll-Interleukin-1 receptor, nucleotide binding domain, and leucine-rich repeat family of disease-resistance genes. Using clone-specific primers from within the 3' end of the LRRs, we were able to map two cDNA clones (LM6 and MG13) to a BAC contig that is known to span a cluster of disease-resistance genes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • DNA, Plant / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Gene Library
  • Genome
  • Immunity, Innate / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Diseases / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / classification
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Soybeans / genetics*


  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Plant
  • Plant Proteins