The failure rate of replantations following a crush-avulsion type injury is high. This study has been designed to reproduce an effective standardized crush-avulsion injury model to the femoral artery of the rat and evaluate the antithrombotic efficacy of systemic intravenous administration of recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA). The crush-avulsion injury was reproduced by using a bulldog clamp and two hemostats and followed by microvascular repair. The animals were divided into three groups of 20 rats each and received either normal saline, heparin 100 U/kg body weight, or rt-PA 3.5 mg/kg body weight intravenously. Patency tests were performed 20 min and 48 h after blood flow reestablishment. Results showed that this experimental crush-avulsion injury model ensures low patency in the control group, whereas systemic rt-PA administration improves the patency rate statistically significantly compared to control and heparin groups at both 20 min and 48 h postrevascularization.
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.