Isolation of a Bacillus sp. capable of transforming isoeugenol to vanillin

J Biotechnol. 2000 Feb 28;78(1):1-9. doi: 10.1016/s0168-1656(99)00199-6.


Natural aroma compounds are of major interest to the flavor and fragrance industry. Due to the limited sources for natural aromas, there is a growing interest in developing alternative sources for natural aroma compounds, and in particular aromatic aldehydes. In several microbial species aromatic aldehydes are detected as intermediates in the degradation pathway of phenylpropanoids. Thus, bioconversion of phenylpropanoids is one possible route for the production of these aroma compounds. The present work describes the isolation of microbial strains, capable of producing vanillin from isoeugenol. Bacterial strains isolated from soil, were screened for their ability to transform isoeugenol to vanillin. One of these strains, strain B2, was found to produce high amounts of vanillin when grown in the presence of isoeugenol, and was also capable of growing on isoeugenol as the sole carbon source. Based on its fatty acids profile, strain B2 was identified as a Bacillus subtilis sp. The bioconversion capabilities of strain B2 were tested in growing cultures and cell free extracts. In the presence of isoeugenol, a growing cultures of B. subtilis B2 produced 0.61 g l-1 vanillin (molar yield of 12.4%), whereas cell free extracts resulted in 0.9 g l-1 vanillin (molar yield of 14%).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus subtilis / growth & development
  • Bacillus subtilis / isolation & purification*
  • Bacillus subtilis / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Proteins / analysis
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Benzaldehydes / metabolism*
  • Biotechnology / methods
  • Cell-Free System
  • Eugenol / analogs & derivatives*
  • Eugenol / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Flavoring Agents / metabolism*
  • Food Microbiology
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Mutation
  • Perfume


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Benzaldehydes
  • Fatty Acids
  • Flavoring Agents
  • Perfume
  • Eugenol
  • isoeugenol
  • vanillin