Recruitment procedures and their impact on the prevalence of dementia. Results from the Leipzig Longitudinal Study of the Aged (LEILA75+)

Neuroepidemiology. May-Jun 2000;19(3):130-40. doi: 10.1159/000026248.

Abstract

Recruitment procedures may exert a considerable influence on the outcome of health surveys in the elderly. Their impact on the prevalence of dementia will be measured in an epidemiological field study in a sample of 1,692 randomly selected individuals (75+). Face-to-face interviews were conducted using SIDAM (structured interview for the diagnosis of dementia of Alzheimer type, multi-infarct dementia and dementias of other etiology according to ICD-10 and DSM-III-R). Furthermore, proxy interviews were performed with relatives of fragile and functionally dependent individuals. Considering face- to-face interviews of community-dwelling individuals, a prevalence of moderate and severe dementia of 5.3% was found. When including information on respondents by proxy and institutionalized individuals, the prevalence rate increased to 6.3 and 10.5%, respectively. It will be argued that covering the whole population in question and ensuring high response rates are central issues to minimize selection bias.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Dementia / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Patient Selection*
  • Prevalence
  • Selection Bias