The role of laparoscopy and strictureplasty in the management of inflammatory bowel disease

Semin Gastrointest Dis. 2000 Jan;11(1):10-7.

Abstract

The surgical management of Crohn's disease has always been a challenging issue for physicians because of concerns of the historical need for repeated surgeries over time, the physiological limitations of a shortened small bowel, and the transmural, fistulizing, and/or skip-lesion nature of the disease. Patients are fearful of the potentially disfiguring results, especially the need for a permanent ostomy. The challenge has been to develop surgical approaches that are bowel sparing and/or minimally invasive. Stricutureplasty has been used with relatively good results as a bowel-sparing procedure for patients with small-bowel Crohn's disease, potentially sparing patients of a short-bowel syndrome. Laparoscopic approaches to Crohn's disease have thus far been mostly limited to ileocecal resections in selected patients, but as more expertise is developed, will hopefully be extended to other surgical procedures in patients with Crohn's disease in the future. Patient criteria, success rates, complications, and economic implications are discussed for each procedure.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Constriction, Pathologic / surgery
  • Crohn Disease / pathology
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / complications
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / surgery*
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Reoperation