The regions of mouse nebulin extending from the ends of the super repeats to the C-terminus and N-terminus were cloned and sequenced. Comparison of the mouse sequence with the previously published human sequence shows that the terminal regions of nebulin are highly conserved. The four phosphorylation motifs and SH3 domain found at the C-terminus of mouse nebulin are identical to those found in human nebulin, with the exception of four conservative substitutions. The modules linking this C-terminal region to the super repeats have deletions relative to both fetal and adult human nebulins that correspond to integral numbers of modules, making the mouse C-terminal simple repeat region among the shortest observed to date. The N-terminal region and the C-terminal modules were expressed in Escherichia coli and used for antibody production. Immunofluorescent labeling of these regions of nebulin in isolated myofibrils demonstrates that they are located near the center of the sarcomere and near the Z-line, respectively. Immunogold labeling with antibodies raised against the N-terminal nebulin sequence localizes this region in the A-band near the tips of the thin filaments. Nebulin localization is complementary to that of N-RAP, another muscle-specific protein containing nebulin-like super repeats; nebulin is exclusively found in the sarcomeres, while N-RAP is confined to the terminal bundles of actin filaments at the myotendinous junction. Cell Motil. Cytoskeleton 3:211-222, 2000 Published 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.