The mle(napts) RNA helicase mutation in drosophila results in a splicing catastrophe of the para Na+ channel transcript in a region of RNA editing

Neuron. 2000 Jan;25(1):139-49. doi: 10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80878-8.

Abstract

The mle(napts) mutation causes temperature-dependent blockade of action potentials resulting from decreased abundance of para-encoded Na+ channels. Although maleless (mle) encodes a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) helicase, exactly how mle(napts) affects para expression remained uncertain. Here, we show that para transcripts undergo adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing via a mechanism that apparently requires dsRNA secondary structure formation encompassing the edited exon and the downstream intron. In an mle(napts) background, >80% of para transcripts are aberrant, owing to internal deletions that include the edited exon. We propose that the Mle helicase is required to resolve the dsRNA structure and that failure to do so in an mle(napts) background causes exon skipping because the normal splice donor is occluded. These results explain how mlen(napts) affects Na+ channel expression and provide new insights into the mechanism of RNA editing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone*
  • Conserved Sequence
  • DNA Helicases*
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Drosophila
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gene Dosage
  • Introns / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neurons / chemistry
  • Neurons / enzymology
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Phenotype
  • RNA Editing / genetics*
  • RNA Helicases / genetics*
  • RNA Splicing / genetics*
  • RNA, Double-Stranded / chemistry
  • RNA, Double-Stranded / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / chemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sodium Channels / genetics*
  • Sodium Channels / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics

Substances

  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • RNA, Double-Stranded
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Sodium Channels
  • Transcription Factors
  • mle protein, Drosophila
  • para protein, Drosophila
  • DNA Helicases
  • RNA Helicases