Inducible overexpression of the CHS4 gene under the control of the GAL1 promoter increased Chs3p (chitin synthase 3) activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae several fold. Approximately half of the Chs3p activity in the membranes of cells overexpressing Chs4p was extracted using CHAPS and cholesteryl hemisuccinate. The detergent-extractable Chs3p activity appeared to be non-zymogenic because incubation with trypsin decreased enzyme activity in both the presence and absence of the substrate, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine. Western blotting confirmed that Chs3p was extracted from membranes by CHAPS and cholesteryl hemisuccinate and revealed that Chs4p was also solubilized using these detergents. Yeast two-hybrid analysis with truncated Chs4p demonstrated that the region of Chs4p between amino acids 269 and 563 is indispensable not only for eliciting the non-zymogenic activity of Chs3p but also for binding of Chs4p to Chs3p. Neither the EF-hand motif nor a possible prenylation site in Chs4p was required for these activities. Thus, it was demonstrated that stimulation of non-zymogenic Chs3p activity by Chs4p requires the amino acid region from 269 to 563 of Chs4p, and it seems that Chs4p activates Chs3p through protein-protein interaction.