Familial primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by distinctive changes in pulmonary arterioles that lead to increased pulmonary artery pressures, right ventricular failure, and death. Our previous studies had mapped the disease locus, PPH1, to a 27-cM region on chromosome 2q31-q33, with a maximum multipoint logarithm of the odds favoring genetic linkage score of 3.87 with markers D2S350 and D2S364. To narrow the minimal genetic region for PPH, we physically mapped 33 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers and used them to genotype 44 affected individuals and 133 unaffected individuals from 17 families with PPH. We observed recombination events that substantially reduced the interval for PPH1 to the approximately 3-cM region that separates D2S311 and D2S1384. This entire region lies within chromosome 2q33. A maximum two-point lod score of 7.23 at a recombination fraction of zero was obtained for marker D2S307. A maximum multipoint lod score of 7.41 was observed close to marker D2S1367. The current minimal genetic region contains multiple candidate genes for PPH, including a locus thought to play a role in lung cancer.