A second functional delta5 fatty acid desaturase in the cellular slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum

Eur J Biochem. 2000 Mar;267(6):1813-8. doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.2000.01180.x.

Abstract

A cDNA with homology to fatty acid desaturases was selected by searching the cDNA data bank of Dictyostelium discoideum (http://www. csm.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/cDNAproject.html) with conserved histidine box motifs. Using this sequence, genomic DNA encoding the Delta5 desaturase was amplified from the genomic DNA of D. discoideum, and its desaturase activity was confirmed by the overexpression mutation in D. discoideum and the gain-of-function mutation in yeast. The cloned cDNA is 1565 nucleotides in length, and the deduced amino-acid sequence comprised 467 amino-acid residues containing an N-terminal cytochrome b5 domain that shared 43% identity with cytochrome b5 of Oryza sativa. The whole sequence was 42% identical to the Delta5 desaturase of Mortierella alpina. This desaturase is a novel member of the cytochrome b5-containing Delta5 fatty acid desaturase. As we have already reported one other Delta5 desaturase in Dictyostelium, this organism is the first to be confirmed as having two functional Delta5 fatty acid desaturase genes. The substrate specificities of the two functional Delta5 desaturases of D. discoideum were also examined.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Caenorhabditis elegans / genetics
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • DNA, Protozoan / genetics
  • Delta-5 Fatty Acid Desaturase
  • Dictyostelium / enzymology*
  • Dictyostelium / genetics
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases / genetics
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases / isolation & purification*
  • Genes, Protozoan*
  • Helminth Proteins / chemistry
  • Isoenzymes / genetics
  • Isoenzymes / isolation & purification*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oryza / enzymology
  • Oryza / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protozoan Proteins / genetics
  • Protozoan Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Substrate Specificity

Substances

  • DNA, Complementary
  • DNA, Protozoan
  • Delta-5 Fatty Acid Desaturase
  • Helminth Proteins
  • Isoenzymes
  • Plant Proteins
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Fatty Acid Desaturases