Polymorphisms of the GSTP1 and GSTM1 genes and PAH-DNA adducts in human mononuclear white blood cells

Environ Mol Mutagen. 2000;35(2):99-105.


Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are an important part of the protection system against a wide range of potentially harmful chemical compounds. GSTP1 and GSTM1 are mainly involved in detoxification reactions of PAH carcinogenic intermediates produced by cytochrome P450 (CYP). Polymorphism of the GST genes may influence the level of carcinogen-DNA adducts in human tissues and be associated with individual susceptibility to carcinogens. In this study, we examined the effect of common polymorphism in exon 5 (105Ile --> Val) of the GSTP1 gene, alone and in combination with GSTM1-deletion polymorphism, on the level of PAH-DNA adducts measured by (32)P-postlabeling assay in mononuclear white blood cells collected in winter and in summer from a total of 170 healthy volunteers. When GSTP1 genotypes alone were compared, no statistically significant differences in adduct levels were found. However, smokers with GSTM1(null)/GSTP1-AG or -GG combined genotype showed significantly higher adduct levels in summer than carriers of other GSTM1/GSTP1 combinations (5.60 +/- 5.10 vs. 3.45 +/- 4. 28/10(8) nucleotides, P = 0.015). Among smokers carrying GSTP1-AG or -GG genotype, individuals with GSTM1(null) genotype had a significantly higher level of adducts in summer than subjects with GSTM1(+) genotype (5.60 +/- 5.10 vs. 1.82 +/- 1.98/10(8), P = 0.002) and GSTM1(null)/GSTP1-AA genotype carriers (5.60 +/- 5.10 vs. 4.13 +/- 5.84/10(8), P = 0.03). When adduct levels measured either in winter or in the nonsmoker group were considered, no influence of GSTM1/GSTP1 genotypes was found. Our data show that the combined GSTM1 and GSTP1 genetic polymorphisms may modulate PAH-DNA adduct levels in mononuclear WBCs from individuals exposed to specific carcinogenic compounds, e.g., tobacco smoke, in relatively lower-exposure environmental conditions (i.e., in summer).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomarkers
  • Carcinogens / toxicity
  • DNA Adducts / metabolism*
  • Genotype
  • Glutathione S-Transferase pi
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / genetics*
  • Monocytes / enzymology
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / metabolism*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*


  • Biomarkers
  • Carcinogens
  • DNA Adducts
  • Isoenzymes
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
  • polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-DNA adduct
  • GSTP1 protein, human
  • Glutathione S-Transferase pi
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • glutathione S-transferase M1