An unreported risk in the use of home nasal continuous positive airway pressure and home nasal ventilation in children: mid-face hypoplasia

Chest. 2000 Mar;117(3):916-8. doi: 10.1378/chest.117.3.916.


We report the case of a 15-year-old boy with obstructive sleep apnea and obesity who was treated since the age of 5 with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. Due to the long-term use of a nasal mask, the child developed a mid-face hypoplasia. Chronic use of a nasal mask for home ventilation in children should always be associated with regular evaluations of maxillomandibular growth.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cephalometry
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Malocclusion, Angle Class III / diagnostic imaging
  • Malocclusion, Angle Class III / etiology*
  • Masks*
  • Obesity, Morbid / complications
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration / instrumentation*
  • Radiography
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*