Corticobasal degeneration is a sporadic form of tauopathy, involving the cerebral cortex and extrapyramidal motor system. A series of affected subjects was genotyped for a set of genetic markers along the tau protein gene. A specific haplotype is significantly overrepresented in patients versus controls. This haplotype is the same already reported in association with progressive supranuclear palsy. These data show that corticobasal degeneration and progressive supranuclear palsy, in addition to several clinical, pathological, and molecular features, may have the same genetic background.