The inter-rater reliability of estimating the size of burns from various burn area chart drawings

Burns. 2000 Mar;26(2):156-70. doi: 10.1016/s0305-4179(99)00047-9.


The accuracy and variability of burn size calculations using four Lund and Browder charts currently in clinical use and two Rule of Nine's diagrams were evaluated. The study showed that variability in estimation increased with burn size initially, plateaued in large burns and then decreased slightly in extensive burns. The Rule of Nine's technique often overestimates the burn size and is more variable, but can be performed somewhat faster than the Lund and Browder method. More burn experience leads to less variability in burn area chart drawing estimates. Irregularly shaped burns and burns on the trunk and thighs had greater variability than less irregularly shaped burns or burns on more defined anatomical parts of the body.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Burn Units
  • Burns / classification*
  • Burns / diagnosis
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Medical Illustration*
  • Observer Variation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Trauma Severity Indices*