Objective: To evaluate the long-term outcome of a subtotally resected residual tumor and to assess its growth rate, we analyzed the records of 38 patients with residual petroclival meningioma.
Methods: Clinical records and radiological findings of 38 cases of petroclival meningioma that were diagnosed and subtotally resected at Seoul National University Hospital between 1981 and 1997 were carefully reviewed. Follow-up imaging studies were reviewed, and Karnofsky performance scale scores at the last follow-up were recorded. The duration of follow-up ranged from 6 to 141 months (mean, 47.5 mo; median, 30 mo). Tumor progression and progression-free survival rates were assessed. The growth rate of a residual tumor was evaluated by measuring the equivalent diameter and the tumor volume serially; the tumor doubling time was calculated, and the predictive factors for determining the growth pattern in residual tumors and the prognosis were analyzed.
Results: In 33 (87%) of the 38 patients, Karnofsky performance scale scores at the last follow-up were 80 or above. The median progression-free survival time among patients with subtotally resected tumors was 66 months, and the 5-year progression-free survival rate was 60%. The growth rate of residual tumors was low (volume increase, 4.94 cc/yr; diameter increase, 0.37 cm/yr). The mean tumor doubling time was 8 years. Although there were no significant predictive factors, age and extent of tumor resection seemed to influence the progression-free survival rate. Significant factors affecting the growth rate were age and occurrence of menopause.
Conclusion: Subtotal resection with or without radiation or radiosurgery should be considered as a suitable treatment option for patients with petroclival meningiomas, especially the elderly, because the growth rate of residual tumors is low.