Antidiabetogenic action of cholecystokinin-8 in type 2 diabetes

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Mar;85(3):1043-8. doi: 10.1210/jcem.85.3.6431.


Cholecystokinin (CCK) is a gut hormone and a neuropeptide that has the capacity to stimulate insulin secretion. As insulin secretion is impaired in type 2 diabetes, we explored whether exogenous administration of this peptide exerts antidiabetogenic action. The C-terminal octapeptide of CCK (CCK-8) was therefore infused i.v. (24 pmol/kg x h) for 90 min in six healthy postmenopausal women and in six postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes. At 15 min after start of infusion, a meal was served and ingested during 10 min. On a separate day, saline was infused instead of CCK-8. In both healthy subjects and subjects with type 2 diabetes, CCK-8 reduced the increase in circulating glucose after meal ingestion and potentiated the increase in circulating insulin. The ratio between the area under the curves for serum insulin and plasma glucose during the 15- to 75-min period after meal ingestion was increased by CCK-8 by 198 +/- 18% in healthy subjects (P = 0.002) and by 474 +/- 151% (P = 0.038) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. In contrast, the increase in the circulating levels of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), or glucagon after meal ingestion was not significantly affected by CCK-8. The study therefore shows that CCK-8 exerts an antidiabetogenic action in both healthy subjects and type 2 diabetes through an insulinotropic action that most likely is exerted trough a direct islet effect. As at the same time, CCK-8 was infused without any adverse effects, the study suggests that CCK is a potential treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Area Under Curve
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide / blood
  • Glucagon / blood
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Insulin / blood
  • Pancreas / drug effects
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Peptide Fragments / blood
  • Postprandial Period
  • Protein Precursors / blood
  • Sincalide / administration & dosage
  • Sincalide / therapeutic use*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Protein Precursors
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Glucagon
  • Sincalide