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Review
. 2000 Feb;130(2S Suppl):272S-275S.
doi: 10.1093/jn/130.2.272S.

Dietary Fiber and Energy Regulation

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Review

Dietary Fiber and Energy Regulation

B Burton-Freeman. J Nutr. .

Abstract

Dietary fiber has many functions in diet, one of which may be to aid in energy intake control and reduced risk for development of obesity. The role of dietary fiber in energy intake regulation and obesity development is related to its unique physical and chemical properties that aid in early signals of satiation and enhanced or prolonged signals of satiety. Early signals of satiation may be induced through cephalic- and gastric-phase responses related to the bulking effects of dietary fiber on energy density and palatability, whereas the viscosity-producing effects of certain fibers may enhance satiety through intestinal-phase events related to modified gastrointestinal function and subsequent delay in fat absorption. The goal of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the role of dietary fiber in energy intake regulation, highlighting the relationship between fiber properties and physiologic action.

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