Reference ranges for blood pressure in preschool Australians, obtained by oscillometry

J Paediatr Child Health. 2000 Feb;36(1):41-6. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1754.2000.00445.x.


Objective: To derive reference centiles for blood pressure in children aged 1-6 years which seek to address shortcomings in available reference ranges.

Methods: Prospective cohort study of 2876 children in Perth, Western Australia, commenced in 1989 with serial blood pressure measurements through early childhood obtained by oscillometry under standardized conditions.

Results: Gender-specific reference centile charts for systolic and diastolic blood pressure, (i) across ages 1-6 years and (ii) across the range of corrected Body Mass Index values at ages 1, 3 and 6 years, were generated by fitting linear models with both fixed and random effects.

Conclusions: Reference values for blood pressure for young children are of clinical use and may be of long-term predictive value.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Oscillometry
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reference Values
  • Western Australia