Cardiac manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Arch Intern Med. 2000 Mar 13;160(5):602-8. doi: 10.1001/archinte.160.5.602.


Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a serious problem worldwide. Recent advances in the knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and the treatment of HIV infection have improved survival in HIV patients. Because of the longer survival in HIV patients, the more manifestations of late-stage HIV infection will be seen, including HIV-related cardiac diseases. The common cardiac manifestations in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency virus are pericardial effusion, myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, pulmonary hypertension, malignant neoplasms, and drug-related cardiotoxicity. This review focuses on these cardiac manifestations in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy
  • Anti-HIV Agents / adverse effects
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / virology
  • Coronary Disease / virology
  • Endocarditis / virology
  • Heart Diseases / chemically induced
  • Heart Diseases / virology*
  • Heart Neoplasms / virology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / virology
  • Myocarditis / virology


  • Anti-HIV Agents