Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is the most common complication following primary cataract surgery. Advances in intraocular lens (IOL) designs that have reduced the amount of PCO following surgery have been made. The understanding of how the IOL design effects PCO has also advanced. Lenses that provide a mechanical barrier between it and the posterior lens capsule seem to inhibit PCO to a greater degree. Intracapsular rings are now being explored to test and enhance this barrier effect. Major advances in the elimination of lens epithelial cells at the time of surgery especially by pharmacologic means have also been made. An immunotoxin specific for human lens epithelial cells shows promise and is under latter phase clinical development.