A measure of striatal function predicts motor stereotypy

Nat Neurosci. 2000 Apr;3(4):377-83. doi: 10.1038/73949.


To identify basal ganglia circuit dysfunctions that might produce repetitive behaviors known as motor stereotypies, we applied psychomotor stimulants and a direct dopamine receptor agonist to induce different levels of stereotypy in rats. We then used a gene induction assay to measure the functional activation of neurons in the neurochemically distinct compartments of the striatum, the striosomes and the extrastriosomal matrix. The amount by which activation in the striosomes exceeded activation in the matrix predicted the degree of motor stereotypy induced by the drug treatments. These results suggest that imbalance between compartmentally organized basal ganglia circuits may represent a neural correlate of motor stereotypy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amphetamine / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Apomorphine / pharmacology
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / pharmacology
  • Cocaine / pharmacology
  • Corpus Striatum / cytology
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects
  • Corpus Striatum / physiology*
  • Dopamine Agonists / pharmacology
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Motor Neurons / metabolism
  • Movement / drug effects
  • Movement / physiology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder / physiopathology*


  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Dopamine Agonists
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
  • Amphetamine
  • Cocaine
  • Apomorphine