Objective: To determine the efficacy of two different group psychological interventions on viable pregnancy rates in women experiencing infertility of less than 2 years' duration.
Design: Prospective, controlled, single-blind, randomized study.
Setting: Large tertiary-care teaching hospital.
Patient(s): One hundred eighty-four women who had been trying to get pregnant for 1 to 2 years.
Intervention(s): Participants were randomized into a 10-session cognitive-behavioral group, a standard support group, or a routine care control group. They were followed for 1 year.
Main outcome measure(s): Viable pregnancy.
Result(s): Sixty-four [corrected] women discontinued participation in the study within the first year. There were a total of 47 in the cognitive-behavioral group, 48 in the support group, and 25 in the control group. There were statistically significant differences between participants in the two intervention groups versus the control group.
Conclusion(s): Group psychological interventions appear to lead to increased pregnancy rates in infertile women.