Impact of Group Psychological Interventions on Pregnancy Rates in Infertile Women

Fertil Steril. 2000 Apr;73(4):805-11. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(99)00493-8.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the efficacy of two different group psychological interventions on viable pregnancy rates in women experiencing infertility of less than 2 years' duration.

Design: Prospective, controlled, single-blind, randomized study.

Setting: Large tertiary-care teaching hospital.

Patient(s): One hundred eighty-four women who had been trying to get pregnant for 1 to 2 years.

Intervention(s): Participants were randomized into a 10-session cognitive-behavioral group, a standard support group, or a routine care control group. They were followed for 1 year.

Main outcome measure(s): Viable pregnancy.

Result(s): Sixty-four [corrected] women discontinued participation in the study within the first year. There were a total of 47 in the cognitive-behavioral group, 48 in the support group, and 25 in the control group. There were statistically significant differences between participants in the two intervention groups versus the control group.

Conclusion(s): Group psychological interventions appear to lead to increased pregnancy rates in infertile women.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / psychology*
  • Infertility, Female / therapy*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychotherapy / methods*
  • Reproductive Techniques / psychology
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Time Factors