Objectives: We evaluated the relation between pressure-derived fractional collateral flow (PDCF) and left ventricular (LV) recovery after reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Background: The functional significance of collateral flow remains uncertain in AMI.
Methods: The PDCF was measured in 70 patients with first AMI (pain onset <12 h) treated with primary angioplasty (PA), being determined by simultaneous measurement of mean aorta pressure (Pa), distal coronary pressure during the balloon occlusion (Poc), and central venous pressure (CVP): (Poc - CVP)/(Pa - CVP)*100. Sufficient collateral (group I) was defined as PDCF index >24% and insufficient collateral (group II) as PDCF index <24%. Echocardiography was performed before, and on day 3, day 7, and day 30 after PA. Wall-motion recovery index (RI) was obtained by dividing the number of improved wall-motion segments (>grade 1) at follow-up by the number of abnormal wall-motion segments within the infarct zone at baseline.
Results: Baseline characteristics were similar between both groups. Peak levels of creatine kinase were lower in group I than in group II (2,600+/-1,900 U/liter vs. 4,100+/-3,000, p < 0.05). At one month, infarct zone wall-motion score index (1.65+/-0.54 vs. 2.31+/-0.46, p < 0.01) and LV volume indexes were smaller in group I than in group II, whereas, LV ejection fraction was higher in group I than in group II (52.8+/-8.3 vs. 45.9+/-9.0, p < 0.01). The PDCF index was the strongest predictor of RI at one month (r = 0.61, p < 0.01). Time to reperfusion was not related to RI at one month. However, it was significantly related to RI in group II (r = -0.34, p < 0.05).
Conclusions: The LV recovery after reperfused AMI is primarily determined by PDCF and is less dependent on time to reperfusion in patients with sufficient collaterals.