Background: Lung transplantation, with and without intracardiac repair for pulmonary hypertension (PH) and Eisenmenger's syndrome (EIS), has become an alternative transplant strategy to combined heart and lung transplantation (HLT).
Methods: Thirty-five patients with PH or EIS underwent either bilateral sequential single lung transplantation (BSSLT, group I, n = 13) or HLT (group II, n = 22). Another 74 patients, who underwent BSSLT for other indications, served as controls (group III). Immediate allograft function, early and medium-term outcomes, lung function, and 2-year survival were compared between the groups.
Results: Comparisons between groups I and II showed no significant difference in any variables except percent predicted forced vital capacity. Immediate allograft function was significantly inferior (p < 0.05) and the blood loss was greater (p < 0.01) in group I when compared with those in group III. However, this resulted in no significant difference in early and medium-term outcomes, and 2-year survival between the 2 groups.
Conclusions: BSSLT for PH and EIS can be performed as an alternative procedure to HLT without an increase in early and medium-term morbidity and mortality. Results are comparable with BSSLT performed for other indications.