The painful shoulder in the swimming athlete

Orthop Clin North Am. 2000 Apr;31(2):247-61. doi: 10.1016/s0030-5898(05)70145-0.


Given the popularity of swimming and the high risk of injury associated with the sport, many clinicians come into contact with the swimmer's shoulder. This article describes the mechanism of injury, diagnostic tools, and subtle signs of injury for swimmer's shoulder. It focuses on conservative treatment for the injury, including methods for stretching and strengthening and eliminating acute inflammation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / diagnosis
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / physiopathology
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / therapy
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
  • Shoulder Pain / diagnosis
  • Shoulder Pain / etiology*
  • Shoulder Pain / physiopathology
  • Shoulder Pain / therapy
  • Swimming / injuries*