Spontaneous spleen rupture during typhoid fever

Int J Infect Dis. 2000;4(2):108-9. doi: 10.1016/s1201-9712(00)90104-8.


Typhoid fever currently is an uncommon disease in western countries, and cases usually are imported from endemic areas.1 The most common complications are intestinal bleeding or perforation and necrotizing cholecystitis, although hepatitis, myocarditis, nephritis, and meningitis may occur. Spontaneous spleen rupture during typhoid fever is a known but rare complication. This report describes a new case and reviews the literature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rupture, Spontaneous / etiology
  • Salmonella typhi / isolation & purification
  • Splenic Rupture / etiology*
  • Typhoid Fever / complications*
  • Typhoid Fever / microbiology