The novel selective adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonist KW-6002 improves motor disability in MPTP-treated parkinsonian marmosets without provoking dyskinesia. In this study we have investigated whether KW-6002 in combination with l-DOPA or selective D1 or D2 dopamine receptor agonists enhances antiparkinsonian activity in MPTP-treated common marmosets. Combination of KW-6002 with the selective dopamine D2 receptor agonist quinpirole or the D1 receptor agonist SKF80723 produced an additive improvement in motor disability. Coadministration of KW-6002 with a low dose of L-DOPA also produced an additive improvement in motor disability, and increased locomotor activity. The ability of KW-6002 to enhance antiparkinsonian activity was more marked with L-DOPA and quinpirole than with the D1 agonist. However, despite producing an enhanced antiparkinsonian response KW-6002 did not exacerbate L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in MPTP-treated common marmosets previously primed to exhibit dyskinesia by prior exposure to L-DOPA. Selective adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonists, such as KW-6002, may be one means of reducing the dosage of L-DOPA used in treating Parkinson's disease and are potentially a novel approach to treating the illness both as monotherapy and in combination with dopaminergic drugs.
Copyright 2000 Academic Press.