We investigated the hypothesis that amylin and insulin, hormones co-secreted by pancreatic B-cells in response to a nutrient stimulus, interact to reduce food intake. A paradigm was employed that assessed food intake in adult male rats after bolus intravenous (i.v.) infusion at dark onset. In one experiment, rats received saline or amylin (0.1, 0.5 or 1.0 nmol). All amylin doses significantly suppressed 1 h intake, and although significant decreases in cumulative intake persisted for 2 h after 0.5 and 1.0 nmol, a significant increase of food intake actually occurred relative to saline during the interval from 1 to 2 h post-infusion. In another experiment, rats received saline, 0.25 nmol amylin, 10 mU insulin, or the combination of amylin plus insulin. Neither amylin nor insulin alone significantly changed cumulative food intake at any time point as compared to saline. However, the combination significantly reduced intake relative not only to saline but also to amylin and insulin alone after 1, 2, and 4 hours. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that endogenous amylin and insulin interact to reduce food intake and, ultimately, body weight.