Crosstalk between the catalytic and regulatory domains allows bidirectional regulation of Src

Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Apr;7(4):281-6. doi: 10.1038/74041.


The catalytic activity of Src family tyrosine kinases is inhibited by intramolecular interactions between the regulatory SH3 and SH2 domains and the catalytic domain. In the inactive state, the critical alphaC-helix in the catalytic domain is positioned such that the formation of the Glu 310-Lys 295 salt bridge is precluded, Tyr 416 in the activation loop is unphosphorylated, and the SH2 and SH3 domains are unavailable for interactions with other proteins. We found that phosphorylation of the activation loop or mutation of the loop preceding the alphaC-helix activates Src and increases the accessibility of the SH3 domain for ligands. Interaction of the alphaC-helix with the activation loop is a central component of this regulatory system. Our data suggest a bidirectional regulation mechanism in which the regulatory domains inhibit Src activity, and Src activity controls the availability of the regulatory domains. By this mechanism, Src family kinases can be activated by proteins phosphorylating or changing the conformation of the catalytic domain. Once active, Src family kinases become less prone to regulation, implying a positive feedback loop on their activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution / genetics
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Catalytic Domain / physiology*
  • Cell Line
  • Chickens
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Feedback
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Specific Protein Tyrosine Kinase p56(lck) / chemistry
  • Lymphocyte Specific Protein Tyrosine Kinase p56(lck) / genetics
  • Lymphocyte Specific Protein Tyrosine Kinase p56(lck) / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Peptides / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotyrosine / genetics
  • Phosphotyrosine / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) / chemistry
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics
  • Transfection
  • src Homology Domains / genetics
  • src Homology Domains / physiology*


  • Peptides
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Lymphocyte Specific Protein Tyrosine Kinase p56(lck)
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src)