Retinal detachment following laser in situ keratomileusis

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers. 2000 Mar-Apr;31(2):121-5.


Objective: To report the clinical characteristics, surgical management and outcome of retinal detachment following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in myopic patients.

Patients and methods: Retrospective review of 10 eyes of 10 myopic patients with retinal detachment who had previously undergone LASIK surgery were analyzed. Included in the study were 7 males and 3 females, aged 22 to 68 years (35.2+/-2.8).

Results: Mean spherical equivalent refraction was -10.51+/-3.90 D (ranging from -6.37 D to -17.00 D) before surgery. The time interval between the LASIK procedure and the development of retinal detachment varied from two months to nine months (5.2 +/- 2.78 months). The number of retinal breaks was one in 7 patients, two in 2 patients and three in 1 patient. The type of retinal breaks included 7 patients with horse shoe tears, 1 patient with a retinal hole, 1 patient with a giant retinal tear, and 1 patient with retinal dialysis. Retinal breaks were located anterior to the equator in 9 patients and posterior to the equator in 1 patient. Retinal reattachment was achieved with one operation in 8 eyes (80%) and the remaining 2 eyes required a second surgery for the reattachment of the retina.

Conclusion: This study suggests the possible association between retinal detachment and LASIK procedure in patients with myopia. Clinicians should be aware of retinal pathology predisposing to retinal detachment in patients undergoing LASIK.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cornea / surgery*
  • Cryosurgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ / adverse effects*
  • Male
  • Myopia / surgery*
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Retinal Detachment / etiology*
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery
  • Retinal Perforations / etiology
  • Retinal Perforations / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Scleral Buckling
  • Visual Acuity
  • Vitrectomy