Studies in vitro on the relative efficacy of current acaricides for Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2000 Jan-Feb;94(1):92-6. doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(00)90454-1.


Resistance of Sarcoptes scabiei to various topical therapies has been described, but clinical assessment of treatment failure is problematic and in-vitro assays are generally not available. We describe a simple in-vitro analysis used to evaluate the relative efficacy of a range of topical, oral, and herbal treatments available in Australia for the treatment of scabies. S. scabiei var. hominis mites were collected from skin scrapings obtained from 7 crusted scabies patients over a period of 2 years (1997 and 1998). Larvae, nymphal instars, and adult mites were tested within 3 h of collection and continuously exposed to selected commercially available treatment products until death, with the elapsed time recorded. Neem was the only product to show little acaricidal activity. Survival curves indicated that, of the other agents, 5% permethrin (Lyclear) had the slowest killing time, with 35% of mites still alive after 3 h, and 4% still alive after 18-22 h of constant exposure. In contrast, no mites were alive after 3 h exposure to 25% benzyl benzoate (Ascabiol), 1% lindane (Quellada), 5% tea tree oil and 100-8000 ng/g of ivermectin (Equimec). Despite the slower killing time with 5% permethrin, there was no evidence of any mite tolerance in vivo or treatment failure in any patients or contact cases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / pharmacology
  • Benzoates / pharmacology
  • Drug Resistance
  • Glycerides / pharmacology
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane / pharmacology
  • Insect Repellents / pharmacology
  • Insecticides / pharmacology*
  • Ivermectin / pharmacology
  • Permethrin
  • Pyrethrins / pharmacology
  • Sarcoptes scabiei / drug effects*
  • Scabies / drug therapy*
  • Tea Tree Oil / pharmacology
  • Terpenes / pharmacology


  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Benzoates
  • Glycerides
  • Insect Repellents
  • Insecticides
  • Pyrethrins
  • Terpenes
  • neem oil
  • Permethrin
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane
  • Tea Tree Oil
  • Ivermectin
  • benzyl benzoate