Histological factors of 1-h biopsy influencing the delayed renal function and outcome in cadaveric renal allografts

Clin Transplant. 1999;13 Suppl 1:6-12.

Abstract

The morphological characteristics of a kidney biopsy specimen taken 1 h after reperfusion of blood into the graft (1-h biopsy) during a cadaveric transplant operation were studied. The aim of the 1-h biopsy is to evaluate the pre-transplant risk factors for the delayed graft function, assess the renal function of the graft, and predict long-term graft survival. The total number of 1-h biopsies was 113, consisting of 86 male and 27 female donors. The mean age of the donors is 39.5 +/- 17.3 yr. Arteriosclerosis (AS) and tubulo-interstitial injury (TI) were both estimated using a semi-quantitative scale. AS score was graded into four categories, according to the severity of the thickening of interlobular artery: 0: none, 1: mild, 2: moderate and 3: severe. No biopsy revealed severe AS of grade 3. The TI score was graded from 0 to 5, according to the morphological injury: 0: none, 1-2 non-specific tubulo-interstitial injury (NSTI), and 3-5 compatible with acute tubular necrosis (ATN) in terms of pathological diagnosis. The mean ages of donors showing as AS of score 0, 1, and 2 were 30.6 +/- 14.6, 49.7 +/- 13.5, and 56.9 +/- 6.30, respectively. The mean donor age of the AS 1 group and AS 2 group was significantly lower than for the AS 0 group. The lowest serum creatinine values after operation (best Cr) of recipients with AS scores of 0, 1, and 2 were 1.31 +/- 0.45, 1.60 +/- 0.70, and 1.84 +/- 0.71 mg/dL, respectively; the best Cr of AS scores of 1 and 2 was significantly higher than in the AS score 0 group. The mean creatinine level at the final point of the AS 0 group was significantly lower than in the combined AS 1 and AS 2 group (serum creatinine 1.44 +/- 1.03 vs 1.87 +/- 1.53 mg/dL: p < 0.01). The duration of severe hypotension less than 50 mmHg or 80 mmHg was significantly shorter in the NSTI group than in the ATN group (less than 50 mmHg was 29.7 +/- 124 vs 72.5 +/- 174, less than 80 mmHg 105 +/- 234 vs 193 +/- 261 min: p < 0.01). The post-operative (po) day expressing diuresis in excess of 1000 mL of urine per d was 8.28 +/- 17.5 and 13.7 +/- 23.3 (p < 0.01) in the NSTI and ATN group, respectively. The po-d of the last hemodialysis and the po-d showing serum creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL in NSTI and ATN group was 7.74 +/- 17.4 and 13.3 +/- 23.2 (p < 0.01), and 25.0 +/- 30.5 and 38.0 +/- 35.2 (p < 0.01), respectively. We concluded that 1-h renal biopsy is useful for assessing the outcome of renal allograft. AS of a donor kidney is one of the most important risk factors for both short and long-term outcome of the graft. The TI score was useful to predict the outcome of delayed graft function.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arteriosclerosis / pathology
  • Biopsy
  • Cadaver
  • Creatinine / blood
  • Female
  • Graft Rejection
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Kidney Transplantation / pathology*
  • Kidney Transplantation / physiology*
  • Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute / pathology
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Creatinine