Eicosatetraynoic and eicosatriynoic acids, lipoxygenase inhibitors, block meiosis via antioxidant action

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Apr;278(4):C646-50. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.2000.278.4.C646.

Abstract

We previously showed that nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and other antioxidants inhibit the resumption of meiosis in oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCC) and denuded oocytes (DO). Because NDGA is well known to be an inhibitor of lipoxygenases (LOX), we assessed whether other LOX inhibitors influence spontaneous germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in OCC and DO. Spontaneous GVBD in rat OCC obtained from preovulatory follicles was significantly and reversibly inhibited by the minimum effective doses of 80 and 100 microM 5,8,11, 14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA) and 5,8,11-eicosatriynoic acid (ETI), respectively. In DO, GVBD was significantly inhibited by 100 microM ETYA or ETI. The minimum effective concentrations of ETYA and ETI for inhibition of GVBD in either OCC or DO are approximately 30- to 50-fold higher than the concentrations necessary to inhibit LOX activity by 50% in intact cells. Because we previously showed that NDGA and other antioxidants inhibit the spontaneous resumption of meiosis, we assessed whether ETYA and ETI may act similarly as scavengers of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Luminol-amplified chemiluminescence showed that 50 microM of either ETYA or ETI markedly and significantly reduced ROS generated with 10 mM 2, 2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH). Moreover, incubation of DO with 30 mM AAPH reversed the inhibition of GVBD produced by 100 microM ETYA or ETI. These findings support the conclusion that ETYA and ETI inhibit oocyte maturation by acting as antioxidants rather than by inhibiting LOX.

MeSH terms

  • 5,8,11,14-Eicosatetraynoic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Amidines / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Cellular Senescence / genetics
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Lipoxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Meiosis / drug effects*
  • Oocytes / drug effects
  • Oocytes / physiology
  • Oxidants / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism

Substances

  • Amidines
  • Antioxidants
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
  • Oxidants
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • 5,8,11,14-Eicosatetraynoic Acid
  • 5,8,11-eicosatriynoic acid
  • 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)