Demographic variation in nutrition knowledge in England

Health Educ Res. 2000 Apr;15(2):163-74. doi: 10.1093/her/15.2.163.


This paper describes a nutrition knowledge survey carried out on a cross-section of the adult population of England (n = 1040), looking at knowledge relating to current dietary recommendations, sources of nutrients, healthy food choices and diet-disease links. Serious gaps in knowledge about even the basic recommendations were discovered, and there was much confusion over the relationship between diet and disease. Significant differences in knowledge between socio-demographic groups were found, with men having poorer knowledge than women, and knowledge declining with lower educational level and socio-economic status. Possible reasons for these differences and implications for public education campaigns and socio-economic inequalities in health are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • England
  • Female
  • Food Preferences*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Policy*
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Socioeconomic Factors