Do conjugated eicosapentaenoic acid and conjugated docosahexaenoic acid induce apoptosis via lipid peroxidation in cultured human tumor cells?

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Apr 13;270(2):649-56. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2000.2484.

Abstract

Conjugated eicosapentaenoic acid (CEPA) and conjugated docosahexaenoic acid (CDHA) with triene structure, isomerized by alkaline treatment, showed intensive cytotoxicity with LD(50) at 12 and 16 microM, respectively, in DLD-1 cells (colorectal adenocarcinoma), while they had no effect on normal human fibroblast cell lines such as MRC-5, TIG-103, and KMS-6 cells. Cytotoxic action of CEPA and CDHA was also demonstrated in other tumor cell lines including HepG2, A549, MCF-7, and MKN-7 cells. alpha-Tocopherol suppressed cytotoxicity of CEPA and CDHA in tumor cells, and the cytotoxicity involved membrane phospholipid peroxidation. CEPA and CDHA induced DNA condensation and fragmentation in DLD-1 cells, indicating the involvement of apoptosis in this cytotoxic mechanism. Furthermore, previous reports have shown that lipid peroxidation product induces cell death, including apoptotic cell death in different cell lines. CEPA and CDHA have been demonstrated in cultured cells to cause cell death via lipid peroxidation and apoptosis in the absence of alpha-tocopherol.

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • DNA Fragmentation / drug effects
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids / pharmacology*
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation*
  • Membrane Lipids / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Membrane Lipids
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid