LIGHT, a TNF-like molecule, costimulates T cell proliferation and is required for dendritic cell-mediated allogeneic T cell response

J Immunol. 2000 Apr 15;164(8):4105-10. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.164.8.4105.


LIGHT is a recently identified member of the TNF superfamily and its receptors, herpesvirus entry mediator and lymphotoxin beta receptor, are found in T cells and stromal cells. In this study, we demonstrate that LIGHT is selectively expressed on immature dendritic cells (DCs) generated from human PBMCs. In contrast, LIGHT is not detectable in DCs either freshly isolated from PBMCs or rendered mature in vitro by LPS treatment. Blockade of LIGHT by its soluble receptors, lymphotoxin beta receptor-Ig or HVEM-Ig, inhibits the induction of DC-mediated primary allogeneic T cell response. Furthermore, engagement of LIGHT costimulates human T cell proliferation, amplifies the NF-kappaB signaling pathway, and preferentially induces the production of IFN-gamma, but not IL-4, in the presence of an antigenic signal. Our results suggest that LIGHT is a costimulatory molecule involved in DC-mediated cellular immune responses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology
  • CD3 Complex / immunology
  • Cell Differentiation / immunology
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immune Sera / pharmacology
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology
  • Interferon-gamma / biosynthesis
  • Interferon-gamma / metabolism
  • Isoantigens / immunology
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology*
  • Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • Membrane Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / immunology
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 14
  • Receptors, Virus / immunology
  • Simplexvirus / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 14
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • CD3 Complex
  • Immune Sera
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Isoantigens
  • LTBR protein, human
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • Membrane Proteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 14
  • Receptors, Virus
  • TNFRSF14 protein, human
  • TNFSF14 protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 14
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Interferon-gamma