Blue-on-yellow (B/Y) perimetry was performed on 31 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus to study the loss of sensitivity to short wavelengths. Of these patients, 21 were without retinopathy (NDR) and 10 had early background retinopathy (SDR). Eleven normal subjects served as controls. The results were compared to white-on-white (W/W) perimetry. Foveal sensitivity determined by B/Y and W/W perimetry showed no significant difference between NDR, SDR and normals. However, the mean sensitivity in the central 30-degree area and that in the upper half of the central 20- to 30-degree concentric circular field were significantly decreased in B/Y perimetry in SDR patients (p < 0.05, p < 0.01, respectively). No significant sensitivity loss was detected in the W/W test. We conclude that there is a blue cone system sensitivity loss in the central 30-degree area, particularly in the upper half of the visual field and the paracentral area in diabetic patients with early background retinopathy.
Copyright 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel