VEGF overexpression in clinically localized prostate tumors and neuropilin-1 overexpression in metastatic forms

Int J Cancer. 2000 Mar 20;89(2):167-71. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(20000320)89:2<167::aid-ijc11>;2-9.


Studies comparing tumor neovascularity with pathological findings suggest that angiogenesis contributes to the pathogenesis of prostate cancer. We have examined 42 primary sporadic prostate tumors at different clinical stages, together with 3 prostate cancer cell lines (DU145, PC3 and LNCaP), for expression of VEGF and the gene encoding the recently identified VEGF165 isoform-specific receptor neuropilin-1, by using a quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-PCR method. We also evaluated the VEGF transcription pattern. Upregulation of VEGF and neuropilin-1 was observed in 12 and 14 tumors, respectively. The VEGF165 isoform was slighly overrepresented in tumors that overexpressed VEGF. VEGF overexpression correlated with stage II disease (p < 0.05); neuropilin-1 overexpression correlated with advanced disease (p < 0. 01) and a high Gleason grade (p < 0.02). Our observations suggest that VEGF expression could be used as a prognostic marker in early-stage prostate tumors, whereas neuropilin-1 overexpression might be a marker of aggressiveness.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Endothelial Growth Factors / analysis*
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / analysis*
  • Lymphokines / genetics
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / analysis*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Neuropilin-1
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / chemistry*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Protein Isoforms / analysis
  • RNA
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Neoplasm / analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Specimen Handling / methods
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Up-Regulation
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors


  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • RNA primers
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • VEGFA protein, human
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Neuropilin-1
  • RNA